Research Article Library

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Topics

The following articles are the latest scientific publications in OCD research. For current mental health findings, also visit our Mental Health News page. If you are interested in participating in an OCD research study, visit our page for OCD Research Participants and Volunteers.

Title Author(s) Year Comments
Behavioral treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in African Americans: Clinical issues. Williams KE, Chambless DL, and Steketee G. 1998 Authors describe the dearth of literature on African Americans and OCD and lack of studies to determine how African Americans respond to behavioral treatments that are efficacious for White subjects. The authors posit that clinical issues unique to African Americans complicate the treatment process -- such as excessive shame, insanity fears, and a sense of uniqueness.
Ethnic Identification Biases Responses to the Padua Inventory for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Williams MT, Turkheimer E, Schmidt K, Oltmanns T 2005 On this checklist, Blacks outscored Whites on every item of this 10-item subscale, and, in fact, four contamination/washing items were endorsed more strongly by Blacks than persons with OCD. For this subscale, scores obtained from Blacks and Hispanics were indistinguishable from OCD patients, whereas Whites scored significantly lower.
Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in a community sample of young adolescents Valleni-Basile LA, Garrison CZ, Waller JL, Addy CL, McKeown RE, Jackson KL, Cuffe SP 1996 Article gives information about the prevalence of OCD for different groups.
Psychometric analysis of racial differences on the Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory. Thomas J, Turkheimer E, & Oltmanns TF 2000 The 30-item Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory, was found to lack predictive validity for African-Americans when administered to a large sample of college students, in part because of overendorsement of cleaning and checking items.
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale: I. Development Use and Reliability WK Goodman et al 1989 This paper describes the development and reliability of the Yale-Brown measure (YBOCS) for the assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder severity.
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale: II. Validity WK Goodman et al 1989 This paper describes the process of validating the Yale-Brown measure (YBOCS) for the assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder severity.
Clinical features associated to refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder Ygor A. Ferrao, Roseli G. Shavitt, Nadia R. Bedin, Maria Eugenia de Mathis, Antonio Carlos Lopes, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Albina R. Torres, Euripedes C. Miguel 2006 This article investigates factors associated with treatment-refractoriness of patients with OCD. The authors conducted a case-control study, comparing 23 patients with treatment-refractory OCD to 26 patients with treatment-responding OCD.
Sexual addiction: Many conceptions, minimal data Steven N Gold and Christopher L. Heffner 1998 Sexual addiction has received increasing attention in the past decade. Existing literature on (1) competing conceptualizations of this syndrome as constituting an addictive, obsessive-compulsive, or impulse control disorder; (2) symptomatology and progression; (3) etiological models; and (4) treatment approaches is reviewed. Based on this review, questions requiring resolution via empirical investigation are identified.
Current Pharmacological Treatments for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder A. Bystritsky 2004 An excellent overview of drug treatments for OCD, with mechanisms, dosage ranges, and side-effects. Includes helpful treatment algorithm (Essent Psychopharmacol 5:4, 2004.)
Sexual obsessions in obsessive-compulsive disorder Jennifer B Freeman and Henrietta L. Leonard 2000 Reports on a 7-yr-old female and 10-yr-old male with onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) after sexual abuse/sex play. Both cases presented diagnostic questions related to overlap and comorbidity between OCD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is noted that in these cases, the diagnosis of OCD was evident, whereas the full criteria for PTSD were not met. The authors note that it appeared that the sexual abuse incident was incorporated into OCD symptomatology. Although high comorbidity among anxiety disorder is well established, the interrelationship of the 2 disorders is notable. The authors argue that in children presenting with sexual obsessions and OCD, it is important to consider sexual abuse.
Compulsive Exhibitionism Successfully Treated With Fluvoxamine: A Controlled Case Study Joseph Zohar, M.D., Zeev Kaplan, M.D., and Jonathan Benjamin, M.D. 1994 This article details the sucessful treatment of an exhibitionist by taking an OCD drug called Luvox (Fluvoxamine). Medical jargon for the uninitiated: ego-dystonic means behaviors that make you upset, Y-BOCS is a little written test that shows how obsessive-compulsive you are.
The Paraphilias, Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders, and the Treatment of Sexually Deviant Behaviors J. M. W. Bradford 1999 Paraphilias are psychological/social disorders that are usually considered deviant in nature. But in some cases, paraphilia can be thought of as an obsessive compulsive disorder. Medical jargon: 5HT means seratonin, SSRI's are drugs like Prozac.
Compulsive Voyeurism and Exhibitionism: A Clinical Response to Paroxetine A. Abouesh and A. Clayton 1999 Some researchers believe that paraphilias are related to obsessive compulsive disorder. This article gives examples of people treated for voyeurism and exhibitionism with the same medications used for OCD. Medical jargon: Paroxetine is Paxil.
Sexual obsessions and clinical correlates in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder J. E. Grant, A. Pinto, M. Gunnip, M. C. Mancebo, J. L. Eisen, S. A. Rasmussen 2006 Sexual obsessions are fairly common among individuals with OCD. Women were as likely as men to report sexual obsessions. Subjects with current sexual obsessions were significantly more likely to report current aggressive and religious obsessions. Subjects with sexual obsessions also reported an earlier age of onset of OCD than subjects without these symptoms. Severity of OCD, comorbidity, treatment response, insight, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and social functioning did not differ between those with and without sexual obsessions. (Comprehensive Psychiatry 47 (2006) 325-329.)
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